Learning to teach takes years of practice, and even the best make mistakes. However, here are some of the most common mistakes made by new teachers. Avoid these, and you will be on the right track.
- Don’t talk too much
This is probably one of the most frequent mistake new ESL teachers make. To put it simply, learning to speak requires your students to speak. If you are talking about what you did last weekend, your students aren’t talking. Instead, encourage your students to launch discussions. If you need to go over the answers to an exercise, allow your students to do it. Making your classes student-focused rather than teacher-focused will take time and practice. But, being aware of the problem is the first step.
- Don’t let extroverted students dominate the class
This one is tricky. It is often easy to let talkative, extroverted students dominate the classroom. At first, their enthusiasm and willingness to contribute can seem like a blessing, but their eagerness can drown out the voices of their quieter classmates. The answer, however, is not just to ignore them or tell them to wait their turn. If they are not answering your questions, their energy may find its way into other more disruptive activities. Instead, try pairing exercises or use a “talking stick”. Whenever someone holds the stick, it’s their turn to speak.
- Don’t pretend you know everything
Your English, just like your students’ English, has its limitations. It won’t be long until one of your students’ asks you a question that you cannot answer. Don’t make it up. Instead, concede your knowledge has its limitations and tell the student you will get back to them. Make sure they you research the answer carefully, and explain in a clear fashion at the beginning of the next class. In this way, you will both help them and earn their respect.
- Don’t think you can improvise and teach well
A great lesson always requires planning. As a new teacher in a new place, you might find yourself without time for lesson planning. Always have a back-up plan – a game, a writing exercise, even slang and idioms practice, for example. Teaching a great lesson makes you feel good, gives you confidence and increases motivation. In other words, you will enjoy yourself in class more if you plan beforehand.
- Don’t stick 100% to the textbook (or abandon it completely)
ESL textbooks are not page-turners, and in some cases they are so mind-numbingly boring that they may ruin your students’ appetite for learning. Spice up your textbooks with new activities, skip useless activities, and adapt ones that are not quite right. As a teacher, you should know your students’ personalities and what activities will or won’t work with them. Just remember not to abandon the textbook completely. The students have probably paid for it out of pocket, it gives structure to the class, and knowledge of its contents might prove crucial for your students in future classes.
- Don’t ask, “Do you understand?”
Here’s a scenario – you are in your new classroom, and you have just given instructions for an activity. Without thinking, “Do you understand?” slips out of your mouth. The students say, “Yes!” in an unenthused chorus. But, when you check on them two minutes later, they are staring blankly at their notebooks. The problem with the question is that the answer will always, unfailingly, be “Yes.” Learn how to use “instruction checking questions,” and then use them every day in every class and for every activity to create familiarity. When teaching a language point, you can similarly use “concept checking questions.” For example, “Do we use this for a past event?” or “Does he want to go to the bank?”
- Don’t rely on words alone
When giving instructions, answering questions or giving feedback, your regular speech will likely be too difficult for most students. Changing your intonation, emphasis and pitch can all help. On top of that, you can use physical, visual, and written cues to aid comprehension. Communicating in that way will at first appear unnatural, but with time, it will make the lives of both you and your students a lot easier.
When teaching concepts, you can use timelines for grammar, or pictures to demonstrate vocabulary.
- Don’t blame your students if they don’t understand
If your students do not understand something, nine times out of ten, it is because you have not presented the information in a way they can understand. As a teacher, it is your responsibility to explain, illustrate, and model concepts until your students get it. Only time will allow you to understand your students’ learning styles and preferences, and such experience will help you to present new topics quickly and painlessly.
- Don’t forget to give feedback
Whatever task you give your students, whether it is a writing assignment, a piece of homework or a word-search, make sure to give them feedback on it. Feedback gives you the opportunity to note and correct errors, gives the students time to ask questions, and acts as a nice way to transition between activities. Feedback on homework and tests will also make you appear more organized and professional. Feedback is an artwork. You can give it quietly in private or pick examples to address in front of the whole class. However you do it, it is essential that mistakes are corrected so that students can improve.
- Don’t think of your students as your friends
Striking a balance between being strict and being friendly can be challenging, especially in your first ESL teaching job. If you are overly friendly, students will start to expect you to forgive their endemic lateness, high L1 usage, and turn a blind eye to their Facebook browsing in the classroom. Especially for children, setting clear rules and consequences, and putting a certain distance between you and them will help you to maintain a manageable classroom environment. Your desire to be seen as the cool teacher is less important than doing the job professionally, which is ultimately what benefits your students most.